FunkPd’s Beginner’s Guide to SEO

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What is SEO?

Beginner’s guide to SEO. Search Engine Optimization (SEO) is the practice of improving and promoting a website in order to increase the quantity and quality of traffic to the site through organic search engine results.

beginner's guide to SEO

Why is SEO important?

SEO is important because it helps search engines, such as Google, understand the content on your website and determine its relevance and credibility to users. By optimizing your website for search engines, you increase your visibility and attract more qualified leads to your site, ultimately leading to increased conversions and sales.

How does SEO work?

SEO works by optimizing various elements of your website, such as content, keyword usage, site structure, and backlinks, to make it more attractive to search engines. The goal is to rank higher in the search engine results pages (SERPs) for relevant keywords, making it easier for users to find your site when searching for information related to your business or industry.

Keyword Research

What are keywords?

Keywords are words or phrases that people use to search for information on the internet. They are an important part of SEO, as they help search engines understand the topic of a webpage and match it with the queries of users.

How to choose keywords for your website When choosing keywords, it’s important to consider the following factors:

  • Relevance: Make sure the keywords you choose are relevant to the content on your website.
  • Search volume: Consider the number of people who are searching for a keyword.
  • Competition: Analyze the competition level for each keyword, as it can be difficult to rank for highly competitive keywords.
  • User intent: Consider the user’s intention behind the search query and choose keywords that align with the goals of your website.

How to research keywords

There are various tools available for keyword research, such as Google Keyword Planner, Ahrefs, and SEMrush. These tools can provide valuable information about keyword trends, search volume, competition level, and more.

Tips for keyword optimization

Here are some tips to help you optimize your website for keywords:

  • Include keywords in your page title and description
  • Use header tags (H1, H2, H3, etc.) to organize your content and highlight important keywords
  • Include keywords in your content, but avoid keyword stuffing
  • Use internal linking to help search engines understand the relationships between pages on your site.

On-Page Optimization

Page Title and Description

The page title should accurately describe the content on the page and include relevant keywords.

The page description should provide a brief summary of the page’s content and also include relevant keywords.

Header tags (H1, H2, H3, etc.)

Header tags help organize the content on a page and signal the importance of different sections to search engines.

The H1 tag should be used for the main heading of the page, while H2 and H3 tags can be used for subheadings.

Content optimization

  • The content on the page should be high-quality, original, and relevant to the page’s topic.
  • Keywords should be used in the content, but in a natural and user-friendly way.
  • The content should be well-structured, with short paragraphs and subheadings.

Image optimization

  • Images can help break up text on a page and make it more visually appealing, but they can also slow down the page’s loading time.
  • To optimize images, use descriptive file names, add alt text, and reduce the size of the image files.

Internal linking


Definition: Backlinks, also known as “inbound links” or “incoming links,” are links from other websites that point to your website.

Importance: Backlinks are considered a critical factor in determining the ranking and visibility of a website in search engine results pages (SERPs).

The more high-quality backlinks a website has, the higher its perceived relevance and authority, and the more likely it is to rank well in search results.

Strategies: There are various ways to get backlinks, including creating high-quality, shareable content, reaching out to other websites and asking for links, and participating in online communities related to your niche.

Nofollow: A nofollow link is a type of link that does not pass any “link juice” or influence to your website.

Dofollow: A dofollow link is a type of link that does pass influence to your website, which can help improve your search engine rankings.

Guest posting: Writing articles for other websites in your niche in exchange for a backlink.

Broken link building: Finding broken links on other websites and offering to replace them with a link to your website.

Infographic promotion: Creating an infographic and reaching out to other websites to ask them to embed it on their site with a link back to you.

Resource page linking: Creating a comprehensive resource page on your website and reaching out to other websites in your niche to ask them to include a link to your page.

Other important SEO factors

Site Structure

A well-structured website makes it easier for search engines to understand the hierarchy and organization of your content. Good site structure can also help users navigate your site more easily and find what they’re looking for.

Mobile Optimization

As more and more users access the internet on mobile devices, it’s important to make sure that your website is optimized for these users. This includes using a responsive design, fast load times, and a mobile-friendly user experience.

Page Speed

The speed at which your pages load can have a big impact on your search engine rankings. Faster page speeds can lead to a better user experience, lower bounce rates, and higher engagement with your content.

Domain Authority

Domain authority refers to the overall strength and trustworthiness of your website as perceived by search engines. This is influenced by a number of factors, including the quality and quantity of links pointing to your site, the age of your domain, and the quality of your content.

Content Marketing

While content marketing is not a direct ranking factor for search engines, it can play a big role in helping you attract and engage with your target audience. By producing valuable, relevant, and informative content, you can establish yourself as an authority in your niche and earn the trust of your audience, which can ultimately lead to more traffic and better search engine rankings.


In this beginner’s guide to SEO, you have learned the basics of what search engine optimization is and why it is important for your website. You have also learned about the key components of the Beginner’s Guide to SEO, including keyword research, on-page optimization, and backlinks, and you have been given tips and advice to help you get started with optimizing your website for search engines.

Recapping the key SEO concepts:

  • Keyword research is the process of finding keywords relevant to your website’s content and target audience.
  • On-page optimization refers to optimizing various elements on your website, such as the page title, header tags, content, images, and internal links, to improve its visibility and ranking in search results.
  • Backlinks are links from other websites to your website, and they play a crucial role in helping search engines determine the quality and relevance of your website.

For further learning and resources, consider the following:

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